It is important to know the signs of heart disease. This is because heart disease does not cause significant signs, so the sufferer is often not aware of it. Find out more about the signs of heart disease based on the type.
Heart disease is a condition when the heart does not function optimally. Recognizing the signs of heart disease is important to avoid dangerous complications. Then, what are the signs of heart disease based on the type? Here’s the full explanation.
Know the Signs of Heart Disease Based on the Type
Heart disease consists of several types with different signs, namely:
1. Heart attack
A heart attack is a condition when blood vessels stop, causing blood flow to the heart muscle to not run smoothly. Here are the signs:
- Difficulty breathing
- Chest and arm pain.
- A cold sweat.
- Nausea and vomiting.
- Pain in the upper abdomen.
- Heart rate increases.
The signs of a heart attack above may be different for each patient, some may not even cause significant symptoms. However, someone with some of the above signs, most likely to have a heart attack.
2. Coronary heart disease
When the blood vessels that carry blood to the heart are blocked due to plaque buildup, coronary heart disease occurs. This disease is characterized by squeezing pain in the chest. In addition, there are a number of signs that can appear, namely:
- It’s hard to breathe.
- A cold sweat.
Arrhythmia is a disturbance of the heart’s rhythm, so that the heartbeat becomes irregular. As a result, the heart cannot pump blood optimally. This disease causes a number of signs, namely:
- Short shortness of breath.
- Chest pain.
4. Atrial fibrillation
Atrial fibrillation is a disturbance of the heart rhythm which is characterized by an increasingly fast heart rate. A healthy heart rate is 60-100 beats per minute, while a person with atrial fibrillation has a heart rate of 100 beats per minute. In some cases, atrial fibrillation does not cause significant signs. However, there are a number of signs of atrial fibrillation that generally appear, namely:
- Shortness of breath when active.
- Sudden dizziness and weakness.
- Heart beat.
Although not as fatal as other heart disease, atrial fibrillation needs to be prevented as optimally as possible. This is because this disease triggers discomfort for the sufferer and if it is not treated quickly, it can lead to serious complications, such as heart failure and stroke.
5. Heart failure
When the heart is unable to supply blood optimally, heart failure occurs. There are a number of diseases that trigger heart muscle weakening and heart failure, such as coronary heart disease and hypertension. Signs of heart failure can get worse suddenly, namely:
- Shortness of breath when lying down.
- Swelling in the abdominal area.
- Constant cough, and worse at night.
- No appetite.
- Difficulty concentrating.
Treatment of Heart Disease
Treatment of heart disease is adjusted to the type experienced, for example changing habits, using drugs, or medical procedures, such as heart transplants. In addition, there are various ways to prevent heart disease, namely:
- Eat nutritious food.
- Get regular exercise.
- Do not smoke.
- Managing stress, for example meditating or enjoying music.
- Sleep well and quality.